The ABCD’s of Vitamins

The ABCD’s of Vitamins

In this presentation we will explain
what vitamins are and their functions in the body. We will be taking a closer look
at four of these vitamins, their function, and the consequences when we’re
deficient in any of them. We all remember taking vitamins as kids but what exactly
are these vitamins and what do they do? Vitamins are essential nutrients needed
by the body in small amounts to allow it to grow, develop, and function normally. In
total, there are thirteen vitamins needed by the body. Vitamins come in two types
that are transported and stored differently in the body. These are:
water-soluble and lipid soluble vitamins. Water soluble vitamins dissolve in water
and are able to move around freely in the body through the blood. These
vitamins are found in the watery portions of fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Water soluble vitamins are not stored in the body. The body takes the vitamins
needed from our food and the remainder is disposed of through the kidneys. This
means that water soluble vitamins need to be regularly replenished as part of
our daily diet. Fat soluble vitamins, on the other hand, need fat in order to
dissolve. These vitamins require special carrier proteins to be transported in
the blood. Unlike water soluble vitamins, fat soluble vitamins are stored in fat
cells when excess vitamin is present in the diet,
to be used at a later time. Now let’s take a look at two water soluble
vitamins: vitamins B and C. We’ll now be talking about one common water soluble
vitamin, vitamin B. There are 8 types of vitamin B and most of them come from
our diet. Due to the various types of vitamin B, they can be found in a variety
of sources. In terms of the roles vitamin B perform two main functions in the
human body: one to make energy from the ingested food and two to make red blood
cells. It’s important to note that some vitamin B types only perform one of
these functions but there are also other types that are involved in both
functions. Deficiency in vitamin B can lead to one or more diseases depending
on the number of types of vitamin B deficiency.
For example, deficiency in vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 can cause anemia, which is
insufficient red blood cells. On the other hand deficiency in vitamin B1 and
B3 can lead to mental confusion. Now we will take a look at another
water-soluble vitamin, vitamin C. Vitamin C has various functions in the body one
of its most important functions is to protect the body from infections. It also
contributes to the growth and repair of tissues. Umm, not those kind of tissues. The tissues in your body like your bones your teeth and your skin!
Now, you may be wondering where you can find vitamin C. Well the best sources of
vitamin C are fruits and vegetables. Peppers and broccoli have the highest
vitamin C content among the many kinds of vegetables. Now, it’s commonly believed
the oranges are the best source of vitamin C among fruits, however, this is
not actually the case. The fruit that is the best source of vitamin C is actually
guava, in second place it’s papaya, and kiwis are the third best source of
vitamin C among fruits. Oranges are actually the fourth highest. So what
happens when you don’t consume enough vitamin C? Well vitamin C deficiency can
lead to a disease called scurvy. Scurvy was a disease that many pirates and
sailors used to have when they were out at sea for long periods of time without
access to fresh fruits and vegetables. You see, vitamin C is necessary to
produce collagen. Collagen is the main protein component of the tissues in your
body and collagen alone makes up 35% of the whole body’s protein content. Scurvy
has many symptoms such as brown spots in the skin, bleeding from different mucous
membranes, spongy gums, loss of teeth, and even death. Now look at two fat soluble
vitamins: vitamins A and D. We will first take a look at vitamin A. Vitamin A’s
main role in the body is maintaining and protecting vision. Vitamin A is critical
for vision because it’s a component of rhodopsin—a protein that detects and
absorbs light in the eyes. There are two main sources of vitamin A. The first, is
in foods from animal sources, which includes fish, meat, liver, and eggs. The
second, is in leafy green vegetables, orange and yellow vegetables, and fruit.
The top three choices are squash, carrot, and spinach. A deficiency in vitamin A is
usually rare since most foods contain at least a small amount of it. Vitamin A
deficiency is usually much more prevalent in developing countries like
Nigeria and India where access to food is much more restricted. Deficiency is
more common during periods of high nutritional demand such as during
infancy and childhood. One of the most common symptoms of vitamin A deficiency
is xerophthalmia, or the inability to see in low light or in darkness. The second
fat soluble vitamin we will be talking about is vitamin D. Vitamin D is also
known as the sunshine vitamin because it’s produced in your skin in response
to sunlight. You can also get vitamin D from supplements and a very small amount
comes from some foods like salmon. Vitamin D works to promote bone growth
and bone strength. This is important since vitamin D regulates the absorption
of calcium and phosphorus, which are two essential components for developing the
structure and strength of your bones. So, even if you eat lots of foods that
contain calcium and phosphorus, without enough vitamin D you can’t absorb them
into your body. Vitamin D is also an important factor in making sure your
muscles, heart, lungs, and brain work well and that your body is able to fight
infection. Too little vitamin D results in the softening of the bone
this disease is known as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults.
Vitamins are essential nutrients needed by the body to grow, develop, and function
normally. The two types of vitamins are fat soluble and water soluble vitamins.
We discussed two water soluble vitamins vitamin B involved in the production of
energy and red blood cells and vitamin C which is associated with tissue growth
and repair. We also discussed two fat soluble vitamins: vitamin A which plays a
role in vision and vitamin D which is involved in bone growth and strength.



  • Danilo Carvalho

    first comment!

  • Danilo Carvalho

    i leave a like

  • Paola Cevallos

    Great use of animations for explaining this!

  • Vishal Subramanian

    thanks, great one and good communication skill as well as teaching skill!

  • Hilarion Unda

    are you the one from the hermetica?=)

  • Mudusu Nagaraj

    good teaching

  • Joseph 7

    i thought Amalaki have the most vitamin C

  • ella makonnen tesfaye

    who told you access to food in nigeria is restricted?

  • Andrew Margetson

    Cheers for the information.

  • Faizah Mehak

    good explanation and clear voice and illustration! thumps up.. from Afg

  • sivanathan balasubramanian

    very informative.thank you 🙂

  • Kat Swart

    great video-smart pictures and good clear voice-thank you!

  • vaishnave mahesh

    thank you for your help and advice on the vitamin and the deficiency -vaishnave

  • Fred Pauser

    Exceptionally good concise information! Excellent job!

  • JKL

    vitamin D is considered a hormone rather than a vitamin since it can be made by the body. anyways awesome video very informative

  • Ali Raza

    great video smart pictures and good clear coice than you


    this was very informative and explained precisely.

  • ali alfrgany

    thank u so much

  • Nancy Grishaw


  • Sajid Mushfik Rahman

    Vitamin B- Blood, Make Energy
    Vitamin C(Collagen,35% of Protein of Body)- Grow tissue
    Best- Guajava

    Fat Vitamin
    Vitamin A- Fish, Meat/Vegetables
    Vitamin D- Calcium and Phosphorus

  • Eclipse


  • purity's vlog

    when u said Nigeria I wanted to say shut up

  • TheBurningEye100 Gaming, Songs, and More

    What about Vitamin K and E

  • Kevinzhw Zhang wang

    Our lives were lies, vitamin things like that are unnessesery when your a child

  • Patrick Goodan

    Buy a better mic bitch

  • Singularity's Marauder


  • spe11binder

    You can easily compare different suppl. here

  • Be Captain

    Thanks… did good job …… that's really help me….

  • Konig D

    How are people saying "Good clear voice" when all you can hear is the reader/speaker trying to hold back that candy or gum from coming out of their mouth? … Anyway. Informative at least. Clear voice? nah.

  • Rohan Sarode

    why you mentioned india?
    for access to food is much more restricted?

  • PCD TV

    -Where you found that in India access to food is restricted .We have billions of dishes you can eat them all in you lifetime.
    Btw video is very informative.thank you-

  • diabetic shoes

    Thank you! I hope you make another video about Vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, E, K, Niacin, H, etc

  • Drubber

    no, what about vitamin K

  • Batavi

    All these vitamins are sure good

  • Emil Feinberg

    This is very explanatory

  • Sanjana gowda


  • Andrea Albert

    wow! it's really well done, useful and it has a lot of sense of humor, i liked it a lot

  • Jawad Azrak

    I watched this video while drinking some orange juice xD


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  • Sanam Beauty and Health

    Best vitamins for your hai an nails.

  • henricals

    Pretty voice. Thanks.

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  • April's Household Tips & Tricks Penelope Dean

    I really like your video and would like to feature it on my Healing with Vitamins page on my website April's Household Tips and Tricks dot weebly dot com if that is okay with you.

  • sijo kumar

    Access to food in India is not restricted.who told you this nonsense… come to India..

  • Jones White

    Simply saying what an Informative video. People can also get more information about vitamins and supplements from

  • Domonique Fisher

    WHAT ABOUT MY VITAMINS K AND E ?!?!??!!!??!?!?

  • Jack Wiltshire

    can you say "vitamins" properly. its VIT-A-MINS where do you get the e from? its not VITE-A-MINS!!!

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  • Winner Iruke

    Thanks for this video it was helpful

  • Jesus Carrillo

    Best Organic vitamin NUTRILITE..

  • praveen v

    Thank you.

  • Ahana Arya

    Awesome video, check this article for a guide to your daily Vitamin Requirement to let you keep track of your vitamins in the diet or which vitamins are vital and how much to take. Cheers for the awesome content. Thanks

  • Hanume Gowda

    No interesting

  • Shoaib Baloch



    Super clear and helpful, thank you! Would love to see other videos covering all essential vitamins and perhaps minerals.

  • Jesus Cervantes

    How about vitamin E?

  • banjo099

    Vitamins have been all scam and cheating. There has happened no real science behind them. Vitamins have all been fabricated on imagination to resemble advantageous production and usage of vital edible components.

    It is REAL that no manufacturing of vitamin pills with genuine vitamins takes place. If you investigate on how they are manufactured, you realize that it's all a hoax and there's no advanced procedures or technologies to make this happen. They are only made of worthless common edible materials.

    Adding vitamins to food or drink products have been all lies. Nothing of it has really happened. Nutrition information charts on products are all lies too. There exist no real knowledge of this kind in science.

  • Huwayne Faulkner

    Thank you very much God bless u💕💋💦💕💕

  • kaleem ullah khan

    nice you can see

  • Sanuka Kithnula

    Guys well this better help my exam yo

  • Aarush Mithal

    5:21 What do you mean
    We have thousands of dishes >:(
    Great vid though

  • Aarush Mithal

    You sound like Jaiden

  • funny LOVERS

    Outstanding video thank you

  • vijaylaxmi Singh

    Amazing and helpful video

  • Shailesh Verma


  • M E

    What is liver as a food source? Is it referring to a specific animal's liver?

  • Delbert Grady

    I’m starving watching this

  • Lord Bolton

    Why do all the vitamins seem to have random functions?

  • Information Warehouse Sarwan

    vitamins are great

  • Suzeen Soh

    This really helped my learning. Thanks :))

  • Erika Romero

    Thank you for this educational video. I learned a lot.

  • Dan vercetty

    great video thank you i learned something essential today !!

  • Cloude Albamonte

    You see, vitamin c is needed for the pirates in the sea.

  • Montasser Kais

    Useful, love it…recommended for 32 year olds as i am 🤗


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  • Nathen Mixon

    Alright seriously. Some people do really need vitamins. But does everyone? Let me tell you who does.

  • Zippy Zappy Man

    Vitamin A does alot more than "Vision" even helps greatly with the reproductive system. so in men Vitamin A could be good if you have a low sperm count and for women it helps during Periods. Vitamin D which more like a hormone than a vitamin helps in Regulation of Mood, Increases Testosterone levels too. Vitamin A and D should be taken together regularly. an amazing source is "Cod Liver Oil" in which you'd be taking 1 tea spoon daily. (because it's that rich in the two vitamins. taking more than 1-2 teaspoons a day could lead to Vitamin A toxicity)

    Note: Women when Pregnant need a much higher Vitamin A Blood levels because Just like the Video said Vitamin A essentially builds cells. and another note is that Vitamin D will deplete your Vitamin A blood levels. so Most Health Professionals actually believe most people are Vitamin A deficient to some degree. so if you're a women and you're pregnant you might want to up your vitamin A and if you're a man and trying for a baby you might want to take Both Vitamin A & D. =)

    i would like to also note i'm only some guy on the internet you should Talk to your Doctor and research for yourself. i just know the above because i enjoy working out and i find Biology interesting.

  • Shama Shah

    what about k

  • Mir S

    Vitamins = VITal MINerals

    Did I just blow your minds?

  • Payel Roy

    Dont know about nigeria but who told u that Access to food in India is restricted!!!Get proper knowledge before giving opinion..

  • jesus rico

    @UCEwEYnO7yey-oBzyNu-AauQ i am 17 years old and i have a question should i be taking teens vitamins

  • Lucia Garcia

    This video was very well made 😀

  • J.A. 263737668

    The word "Fruit" is already plural. Please, stop saying Fruits.
    There is no such word in the American diction, and this word "Fruits" exists in foreign countries not here!

  • Jean Williams

    Don't waste your time. I spent 8/9 months on vitamins. What a waste of time and money. They are made by the pharmaceutical companies. They don't work. Get your vitamins in your food.

  • Lannie Monje

    whats with the mic?any ways good video

  • Tash Attersley

    you should have used the vitamin D guy as your vitamin A guy because glasses and vision ya know lol

  • GucciGamer XD

    GoAnimate btw

  • precious charming

    I really like to learn about this,thank you so much

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